ERIC Number: ED437031
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1998-Aug
Fostering the Appropriate Use of Reference Materials in Fifth Grade Students through Constructivist Methods and Visual Aids.
Smith, Michelle L.
A needs assessment that utilized questionnaires and an interview showed that fifth grade students at the practicum site were not able to use reference materials appropriately. Target groups for the practicum were the fifth grade students and teachers. Constructivist methods were used to increase students' knowledge of using reference materials and their attitudes toward them, as well as to increase the teachers' knowledge of methods available to teach these skills. The project utilized active lessons, incorporating the use of advance organizers and visual aids. At the beginning of the implementation, the target groups were tested to determine their knowledge and opinions in specific areas. This process was repeated for comparison at the end of the implementation. Student objectives were to: increase knowledge of appropriate use of reference material by 20%; increase use of reference materials by 30%; and demonstrate 20% more positive attitudes toward lessons about appropriate use of reference materials and reference materials themselves. Results indicated that the first two objectives were met; although there was some improvement in attitude, it was not enough to meet the third objective. Teacher objectives were to: increase knowledge of methods available to teach students appropriate use of reference materials by 20%; and increase students' use of reference materials by 20%. All objectives for the teacher target group were met. (Contains 32 references.) (MES)
Descriptors: Advance Organizers, Comparative Analysis, Constructivism (Learning), Grade 5, Information Skills, Information Utilization, Intermediate Grades, Knowledge Level, Learning Activities, Learning Resources Centers, Library Skills, Pretests Posttests, Questionnaires, Reference Materials, Research Skills, School Libraries, Student Attitudes, Student Research, Student Surveys, Tables (Data), Teacher Surveys, Teaching Methods, Visual Aids
Publication Type: Dissertations/Theses; Tests/Questionnaires
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Educational Specialist Practicum Report, Nova Southeastern University.