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ERIC Number: ED437014
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1999-Nov
Pages: 24
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: N/A
The Relationship between Cultural Development, Sense of Belonging, and Persistence among Chicanos in Higher Education: An Exploratory Study. ASHE Annual Meeting Paper.
Velasquez, Patrick
This study examines the relationship among Chicano students' sense of belonging to colleges and universities, their cultural development, and their subsequent persistence. A survey questionnaire was given to a random sample of 687 Chicano students at 3 institutions of higher education in San Diego: a University of California campus (247 students), a California State University campus (339 students), and a California Community College campus (101 students). A 47-item questionnaire measured students' cultural responses; an additional 4 items measured their sense of belonging (as defined by Hurtado 1997). Analysis of the data indicated a high degree of biculturalism, and the significant but modest contribution to a sense of belonging indicated by the cultural response factors reflects the likelihood that Chicano student perceptions of their campus experiences and their subsequent persistence may be affected by the students' degree of biculturalism. Factors contributing significantly to a sense of belonging include a reasonable comfort level in social affiliations with white students, knowledge of Mexican history, positive perceptions of their primary (Mexican) culture, and a well-developed ethnic identity. The study concludes that these dimensions of development can be addressed positively by educational institutions through their curriculum, staffing patterns, and pedagogy. (Contains 13 references.) (RH)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A