ERIC Number: ED436877
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1999-Oct
Looking at Employment through a Lifespan Telescope: Age, Health, and Employment Status of People with Serious Visual Impairment.
Kirchner, Corinne; Schmeidler, Emilie; Todorov, Alexander
This report discusses the outcomes of a study that examined employment issues for people with serious visual impairments. The study reviewed data from the 1994 and 1995 National Health Interview Survey that included 128,001 people (ages 18-69) with and without visual impairments. Chapter 1 highlights age (seen as lifestage) and health status as critical determinants of the meaning and importance of employment in people's lives and suggests those facts have been surprisingly neglected as analytic tools in research on employment and disability. Chapter 2 reviews key variables relating to vision and disability status, key employment and work variables, and key social and health factors. Chapter 3 focuses on employment status and on "working" as a major life role, comparing people with serious visual impairment to the general public and to people with nonvisual impairments. Chapter 4 introduces employment data for people who are legally blind and compares them to others with serious visual impairments. The next chapter continues the focus on comparisons of people who are legally blind with others who have serious visual impairments. It shows that health and multiple impairments are powerful factors. The final chapter summarizes and discusses major conclusions and implications. (Contains 61 references and 45 tables.) (CR)
Descriptors: Adults, Age Differences, Blindness, Employment, Employment Patterns, National Surveys, Performance Factors, Predictor Variables, Research Needs, Special Health Problems, Visual Impairments
Rehabilitation Research and Training Center on Blindness and Low Vision, P.O. Box 6189 Mississippi State, MS 39762 ($25, available in print, computer diskette, or audio cassette). Tel: 662-325-2001; Fax: 662-325-8989; Tel: 662-325-8693 (TDD); e-mail: email@example.com; Web site:
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: National Inst. on Disability and Rehabilitation Research (ED/OSERS), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: Mississippi State Univ., Mississippi State. Rehabilitation Research and Training Center on Blindness and Low Vision.; American Foundation for the Blind, New York, NY.
Note: "With the assistance of Alistair Furnell."