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ERIC Number: ED436875
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1999
Pages: 10
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
National Policy on Inclusion of Students with Special Educational Needs in Italy, Ireland, and the United States.
McGrath, Breeda
This study examines the nature of education policy regarding students with special needs in Italy, Ireland, and the United States. It begins by reviewing the definition of inclusion and then explores the nature of legislation pertaining to special needs education and inclusion in the three countries. Results of the study indicate: (1) the most significant difference among the countries is that in the United States and Ireland enabling and permissive suggestions in policy documents have not been mandated, so each school is left to determine its own arrangements; (2) Italy takes the strongest position on inclusion, requiring all schools to provide for children with disabilities in the regular classroom; (3) Italy has eliminated the deficit model, which is still in operation in Ireland and the United States and has placed the primary focus on changing the nature of the educational environment to serve all children; and (4) the overall trend in all three countries appears to be an improvement of education for all and a merging of special education and regular education. (Contains 25 references.) (CR)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Ireland; Italy