ERIC Number: ED436699
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1999-Jun
Reference Count: N/A
A Profile of Clients Entering Treatment for Alcohol Problems.
Large numbers of clients entering publicly-funded substance abuse treatment facilities cite problems with alcohol as one reason for seeking treatment. This report presents the results of a secondary analysis of the National Treatment Improvement Evaluation Study (NTIES) data set. It profiles the treatment experiences of three study groups that were subsets of the total client sample (N=4,411): clients who entered treatment for alcohol only (n=464), for alcohol plus other drugs (n=1,523), and for other drugs only (n=2,424). Clients using alcohol only tended to be older, more often white, somewhat more educated, and more likely to be employed prior to entering treatment. The majority of alcohol only clients were treated primarily in outpatient settings (61%), whereas clients having problems with other drugs only were treated in a wider range of settings: outpatient (29%), methadone [outpatient] (17%), long-term residential (18%), and short-term residential (20%). Alcohol plus other drugs clients significantly reduced their consumption of drugs following treatment, whereas alcohol only clients showed minor, but statistically significant post-treatment increases in marijuana (10%), cocaine (3%), and crack (3%) use. With the exception of DUI/DWI offenses, alcohol only clients had fewer criminal behaviors and arrests prior to treatment, yet they were more often referred to treatment by the criminal justice system and were less frequently self-referred. Nevertheless, all study groups demonstrated substantial reductions in criminal behaviors across the follow-up periods. Employment, general health, and mental health outcomes also showed improvement for all study groups. No significant post-treatment reductions in the self-reported use of any alcohol were observed across the three groups, a finding that may be of clinical concern for the alcohol only treatment group. Findings are discussed as they relate to future data analysis and policy recommendations. An appendix provides a description of the National Treatment Improvement Evaluation Study and Center for Substance Abuse Treatment Demonstrations (1990-1992). (Contains 15 tables and 10 references.) (MKA)
Descriptors: Alcoholism, Crime, Drinking, Drug Abuse, Employment, Health, Outcomes of Treatment, Profiles
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Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (DHHS/PHS), Rockville, MD. Center for Substance Abuse Treatment.
Authoring Institution: Caliber Associates, Fairfax, VA.; National Evaluation Data Services, Rockville, MD.