ERIC Number: ED436641
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1999-Nov
Reference Count: N/A
Employer Involvement in Work-Based Learning Programs.
Bailey, Thomas; Hughes, Katherine
A 3-year research project focused on whether sufficient numbers of employers could be recruited to create a national school-to-work system with a substantial work-based learning component as called for by the 1994 School-to-Work Opportunities Act. Research methods were as follows: case studies of 12 work-based learning programs at 9 sites located in both urban and rural areas; a survey of employers participating in 5 programs; and a survey of a comparison group of nonparticipating employers in those same labor markets. With regard to employers' motivations for participating in the program, employers who responded to the survey tended to characterize their involvement in philanthropic terms. In face-to-face interviews, employers cited multiple reasons--philanthropic, self-interested, and collective--for their involvement. Large firms and those with human resources practices generally considered to be "high performance" were more likely to participate. Three measures assessed the quality of work-based learning: type of occupation interns were placed in; presence or absence of particular program characteristics; and amount of internship time spent learning. Paid placements and those in which the firms intended to hire the interns permanently rated better on quality measures. Public and nonprofit organizations offered higher quality internships on some measures. Firms that engaged in high-performance workplace practices also provided higher-quality internships. (Contains 25 references.) (YLB)
Descriptors: Corporate Support, Education Work Relationship, Educational Research, Employers, Experiential Learning, Federal Legislation, Internship Programs, Partnerships in Education, School Business Relationship, Secondary Education, Work Experience Programs
National Dissemination Center for Career and Technical Education, 1900 Kenny Road, Columbus, OH 432110-1090 (order no. MDS-1311, $6).
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Office of Vocational and Adult Education (ED), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: National Center for Research in Vocational Education, Berkeley, CA.
Identifiers - Laws, Policies, & Programs: School to Work Opportunities Act 1994