ERIC Number: ED436544
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1993-Dec
Reference Count: N/A
Empirical Re-Validation of the First Steps Spelling Continuum.
Australian Council for Educational Research, Victoria.
First Steps is a program instituted by the Western Australia Ministry of Education to improve the literacy and numeracy of primary school students, particularly those at risk of academic failure. First Steps is organized around reading, writing, spelling, and oral language; children's skills are organized along developmental continua. These continua are an ordered series of statements describing behaviors children display as they move toward literacy. The Spelling Developmental Continuum was revised as a response to a study of teachers' responses to the wording of indicators along the continuum, and this report is an empirical validation of the changed version of the Spelling Continuum. Teachers of Kindergarten, Year 1, Year 3, Year 5, and Year 7 (n=88) provided judgments of up to 10 of their students in relation to the Spelling Continuum. Teachers also responded to questions about the indicators and the whole continuum. Overall, there was a high level of understanding of the indicators from the revised continuum. The revised continuum was thought to depict the development of children's spelling competencies validly, with the exception of two problem areas: (1) indicators in the Transitional Phase were not thought to be more difficult than the indicators in the developmentally earlier Phonetic Phase; and (2) key indicators in the Phonetic Phase were thought to be less difficult than those in the developmentally earlier Semi-Phonetic Phase. The revised continuum was thought to be more coherent with more clearly delineated steps than the original version. Four appendixes contain codes for the indicators, information on the perceived difficulty of indicators, a list of indicators not clearly understood, and a list of changes made to the previous version. (Contains 20 exhibits and 6 references.) (SLD)
Publication Type: Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Western Australia Ministry of Education, Perth. Curriculum Development Branch.
Authoring Institution: Australian Council for Educational Research, Victoria.
Identifiers - Location: Australia