ERIC Number: ED436543
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1993-Dec
Reference Count: N/A
Empirical Validation of the First Steps Reading Continuum.
Australian Council for Educational Research, Victoria.
First Steps is a program instituted by the Western Australia Ministry of Education to improve the literacy and numeracy of primary school students, particularly those at risk of academic failure. First Steps is organized around reading, writing, spelling, and oral language; children's skills are organized along developmental continua. These continua are an ordered series of statements describing behaviors children exhibit as they develop literacy skills. This report studies the Reading Developmental Continuum empirically and presents the responses of classroom teachers toward the continuum. Data for the validation of the continuum were provided by teachers of kindergarten, and Years 1, 3, 5, and 7 from a sample of Western Australia schools. Useable data were provided by 36 teachers, each of whom evaluated the position of up to 10 students in their class according to the continuum. Teachers also responded to questions about the indicators for the continuum. Overall, there was a high level of understanding of the indicators. The Reading Development Continuum was thought to depict the order of development of literacy accurately, with two problem areas identified: (1) there was overlap in the estimated difficulty of indicators in the Role Play and Experimental phases; and (2) the key indicators of the Role Play Phase were deemed more difficult than those for the developmentally later Experimental Phase. Teachers also reported that the First Steps continua were either helpful or very helpful to them. Four appendixes contain additional data about teacher responses to the indicators of the continuum and the teacher questionnaire. (Contains 12 exhibits and 6 references.) (SLD)
Publication Type: Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Western Australia Ministry of Education, Perth. Curriculum Development Branch.
Authoring Institution: Australian Council for Educational Research, Victoria.
Identifiers - Location: Australia