ERIC Number: ED436529
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1999-Dec
Reference Count: N/A
The Supply and Demand of Elementary and Secondary School Teachers in the United States. ERIC Digest.
This Digest examines U.S. teacher supply and demand, including projections for the next 10 years. For the past 10 years, the supply of public elementary and secondary school teachers has grown. Currently, the number of teachers in the United States is 3.1 million, 2,666,034 of whom teach in public schools. The number is projected to increase by 1.1 percent annually to a total of 3.46 million by 2008. The projected demand for teachers may outpace the projected growth in the supply. Some researchers estimate that districts will have to hire 200,000 teachers annually over the next decade to keep pace with rising student enrollments and teacher retirements. Other researchers note that shortages are limited to particular regions and communities. Urban and poor communities will have the greatest need for teachers. Most teachers are female and white, while 35 percent of their students are minorities. From 1989-1995, enrollment in teacher education institutions increased by 5.5 percent. The largest increases occurred among Asian/Pacific and Hispanic Americans. Most students in teaching schools and colleges were white and female. The distribution of teachers across states and regions is uneven. Some states typically produce more teachers than they need while others need more than they produce. This maldistribution also exists within states, partly due to salary discrepancies. (Contains 8 references.) (SM)
Descriptors: Diversity (Faculty), Diversity (Student), Elementary Secondary Education, Higher Education, Preservice Teacher Education, Public Schools, Student Characteristics, Student Teachers, Teacher Characteristics, Teacher Shortage, Teacher Supply and Demand
ERIC Clearinghouse on Teaching and Teacher Education, 1307 New York Ave., N.W., Suite 300, Washington, DC 20005-4701; Tel: 202-293-2450; Tel: 800-822-9229 (Toll free); Web site:
Publication Type: ERIC Publications; ERIC Digests in Full Text
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Office of Educational Research and Improvement (ED), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: ERIC Clearinghouse on Teaching and Teacher Education, Washington, DC.