ERIC Number: ED436170
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1999-Feb
Reference Count: N/A
From Ability to Action: Designing Instruction for Critical Thinking Dispositions.
Leader, Lars F.; Middleton, James A.
This paper explains the importance of disposition as an essential aspect of critical thinking and suggests how instruction can be designed to promote learners' development of the dispositional side of critical thinking. Topics addressed include: (1) the dispositional bottleneck between opportunity and action, i.e., sensitivity to occasion; (2) attitudes and spontaneous versus deliberative processing; (3) attitude strength and sensitivity to occasion; (4) attitude strength and ill-structured problems, including direct experience in opportunities for critical thinking, the role of sensory information, the role of emotions, free choice, and opportunity for rehearsal; (5) the Jasper Woodbury Problem Solving Series, specifically the use of the video-based adventure, "Rescue at Boone's Meadow," with fifth and sixth graders; and (6) the "Decision Making" mathematics unit designed for use in seventh grade. The following three design principles for nurturance of critical thinking dispositions are presented: development of attitude strength takes time; students need to have a stake in their learning; and multiple perspectives on problem solving are built into the design. Two tables list critical thinking components in "Rescue at Boone's Meadow" and "Decision Making." (Contains 32 references.) (MES)
Publication Type: Reports - Descriptive; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A