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ERIC Number: ED436121
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1999-Mar
Pages: 10
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
Effective Use of Audio Media in Multimedia Presentations.
Kerr, Brenda
This paper emphasizes research-based reasons for adding audio to multimedia presentations. The first section summarizes suggestions from a review of research on the effectiveness of audio media when accompanied by other forms of media; types of research studies (e.g., evaluation, intra-medium, and aptitude treatment interaction studies) are also described. Recommended teaching techniques for three learning modalities (kinesthetic, auditory, and visual) are outlined in the second section. The next section provides examples of the use of audio in multimedia presentations, focusing on the functions of three elements of sound: speech, including narration, dialogue, and direct address; sound effects, including contextual and narrative functions; and music. Literal and non-literal sounds are discussed in the fourth section, followed by a section that addresses the functions of sound in radio and television (to provide information, establish outer orientation, and establish inner orientation). The sixth section covers four roles that audio media play in multimedia production: picture defines sound; sound defines picture; sound parallels picture; and sound counterpoints picture. Aesthetic factors of sound--figure ground, sound perspective, and sound continuity--are described in the next section. Two concluding sections list software for recording audio and automating online multimedia presentations and provide links to resources on audio file types and platform compatibility. (MES)
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Publication Type: Opinion Papers; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A