ERIC Number: ED436068
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1999-Oct
Reference Count: N/A
Autism and Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD). ERIC Digest #E583.
Dunlap, Glen; Bunton-Pierce, Mary-Kay
This digest provides an overview of autism and Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD). It addresses: (1) the behavior of individuals with autism, such as developmental difficulties in verbal and nonverbal communication, social relatedness, and leisure and play activities; (2) diagnosis and evaluation of autism; and (3) prevalence of autism and the diagnosis of autism in four times as many boys as girls. The digest also discusses approaches to intervention and educational support for students with autism. It reports that interventions derived from an educational and behavioral orientation have been shown to help children and adults affected by autism, primarily by teaching new skills that enable the person to function more successfully in the daily world of home, school, work, and community interactions. The digest states that people with autism respond better with structure and clear guidelines regarding expectations for appropriate and inappropriate behavior and recommends that the environment include systems or materials that can help the person to comprehend and predict the flow and sequence of activities. Family members are urged to participate in all aspects of assessment, curriculum planning, instruction, and monitoring. The digest concludes with a list of relevant web sites, organizations, and newsletters and journals. (CR)
Descriptors: Adults, Autism, Clinical Diagnosis, Disability Identification, Educational Strategies, Elementary Secondary Education, Incidence, Symptoms (Individual Disorders), Teaching Methods
ERIC Clearinghouse on Disabilities and Gifted Education, Council for Exceptional Children, 1920 Association Dr., Reston, VA 20191-1589. Tel: 800-328-0272 (Toll Free); e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org; Web site:
Publication Type: ERIC Publications; ERIC Digests in Full Text
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Office of Special Education and Rehabilitative Services (ED), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: ERIC Clearinghouse on Disabilities and Gifted Education, Reston, VA.