ERIC Number: ED436054
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1999-Nov
Reference Count: N/A
Special Education in Alternative Education Programs. ERIC Digest E585.
Quinn, Mary Magee; Rutherford, Robert B., Jr.; Osher, David M.
This digest identifies seven essential elements of effective programs for students in alternative programs because they have dropped out, are at risk for dropping out, or have behavior disorders that require special education outside the general education setting. Such alternative programs offer flexible curricula that can address the unique social, behavioral, emotional, cognitive, and vocational needs of each student. The seven essential elements are: (1) functional assessment that identifies student strengths and skill deficits; (2) functional curriculum that meets the student's individual needs; (3) effective and efficient instruction aligned with functional assessment measures and the curriculum; (4) transition into and out of the alternative setting; (5) comprehensive systems that coordinate special education and treatment services; (6) appropriate staff, resources, and procedural protections for students with disabilities as required under the 1997 amendments to the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act; and (7) supportive climate in which students feel welcome, safe, and valued. (DB)
Descriptors: Behavior Disorders, Delivery Systems, Elementary Secondary Education, High Risk Students, Individualized Education Programs, Integrated Services, Intervention, Nontraditional Education, Special Classes, Special Education, Student Evaluation, Transitional Programs
ERIC Clearinghouse on Disabilities and Gifted Education, The Council for Exceptional Children, 1920 Association Dr., Reston, VA 20191-1589; Tel: 800-328-0272 (Toll Free). For full text:
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Publication Type: ERIC Publications; ERIC Digests in Full Text
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Office of Educational Research and Improvement (ED), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: ERIC Clearinghouse on Disabilities and Gifted Education, Reston, VA.
Identifiers - Laws, Policies, & Programs: Individuals with Disabilities Education Act Amendments 1997