ERIC Number: ED435913
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1999
Social Justice Advocacy with Lesbian, Bisexual, Gay, and Transgendered Persons.
Chen-Hayes, Stuart F.
This paper discusses the role of counselors as advocates for lesbian, bisexual, gay, and transgendered (LBGT) individuals as encouraged by the American Counseling Association's Code of Ethics and Standards of Practice. Definitions are offered for the following terms: sexual orientation, sexual preference, gender identity, heterosexism, and transgenderism. This paper offers that there are many ways for a professional counselor to be an advocate for LBGT individuals. One way for heterosexual and traditionally gendered persons to challenge heterosexism and transgenderism is to develop awareness and knowledge about the privileges that they enjoy as heterosexual and traditionally gendered people in society. A list is provided that identifies a portion of the privileges enjoyed by heterosexual and traditionally gendered persons. It is also important for professional counselors interested in LBGT advocacy to have direct experiences with LBGT persons in a variety of professional and personal situations. This interaction provides a chance for heterosexual and traditionally gendered advocates to hone their awareness, knowledge, and skills so that LBGT persons do not always assume the lead in challenging heterosexism and transgenderism. LBGT individuals are oppressed in many ways. Because of the additive nature of multiple oppressions, people with additional nondominant cultural identities may be targets of multiple forms of persecution. Culturally competent advocates in counseling take all of a person's cultural identities into account when collaborating on advocacy strategies. A list of advocacy strategies related to internalized and externalized oppression is also provided. A list if LBGT advocacy web sites is included as well. (Contains 12 references.) MKA)
Descriptors: Advocacy, Bisexuality, Counselor Role, Cultural Context, Homosexuality, Lesbianism, Resources, Sexual Identity, Sexual Orientation, Violence, World Wide Web
ERIC Counseling and Student Services Clearinghouse, University of North Carolina at Greensboro, 201 Ferguson Building, P.O. Box 26171, Greensboro, NC 27402-6171. Tel: 800-414-9769 (Toll Free); Fax: 336-334-4116; e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org; Web site:
Publication Type: Reports - Descriptive
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Chapter 9 in "Advocacy in Counseling: Counselors, Clients, & Community"; see CG 029 604.