ERIC Number: ED435908
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1999
Reference Count: N/A
Advocacy for Native American Indian and Alaska Native Clients and Counselees.
Helping professionals need to be more informed and more active advocates for proactive counseling strategies with Native American Indian and Alaska Native peoples. The paper discusses the major advocacy needs of these populations. The negative impact of historical and contemporary discriminatory policies and practices on Native peoples has devastated their standard of living and created major cultural conflicts. These influences have combined with substandard housing, malnutrition, inadequate health care, shortened life expectancy, and high suicide rates to limit opportunities for educational attainment by a population classified as the "poorest of the poor" in the United States. To further complicate matters, many Native individuals believe that they have no choice or control in their lives. However, these problems are not insurmountable nor are Native individuals only victims and incapable of improving their lives. In reality, thousands of Native people have overcome their personal plights. The increase in the number and strength of advocacy efforts must be affected. This paper discusses the following issues: advocacy strategies to assist Native American and Alaska Natives; advocacy for expanding the political agenda; professional training programs; recruitment and training of native students; training of non-native students; advocacy for implications for practice; general issues and concerns; Native women's issues; the older Native individual with disabilities; implications for research; research relative to acculturation level; research relative to scientific inquiry; and research relative to gender roles. Includes a list of recommended resources. (Contains 4 references.) (MKA)
Descriptors: Acculturation, Advocacy, Alaska Natives, American Indians, Counselor Training, Disabilities, Females, Older Adults, Politics, Research, Scientific Research, Sex Role, Student Recruitment
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Publication Type: Reports - Descriptive
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A