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ERIC Number: ED435905
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1999
Pages: 11
Abstractor: N/A
Developing a Common Language and Framework for Understanding Advocacy in Counseling.
Toporek, Rebecca L.
The purpose of this paper is to present a framework and definitions that may be useful in considering the role of advocacy in counseling. Using this framework as a foundation, it reviews advocacy in counseling and discusses examples in a range of advocacy actions. In addition, it proposes some of the possible reasons that advocacy has historically experienced marginalization in counseling. This paper intends to facilitate counselors in identifying the range of appropriate ways they may advocate for clients and client groups. This paper also discusses supportive literature in advocacy, empowerment, and social action as well as issues influencing the implementation of advocacy roles in counseling. (Contains 18 references.) (MKA)
ERIC Counseling and Student Services Clearinghouse, University of North Carolina at Greensboro, 201 Ferguson Building, P.O. Box 26171, Greensboro, NC 27402-6171. Tel: 800-414-9769 (Toll Free); Fax: 336-334-4116; e-mail:; Website: .
Publication Type: Reports - Descriptive
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Chapter 1 in "Advocacy in Counseling: Counselors, Clients, & Community"; see CG 029 604.