ERIC Number: ED435861
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1999
Reference Count: N/A
Vocational Education and Training in Australian Correctional Institutions. Review of Research.
Semmens, Bob; Oldfield, Jenni
A review of research studied the provision of vocational education and training (VET) in adult and juvenile correctional institutions. Research data and secondary source articles on VET from 1990 to the present were collected from around Australia and, where relevant to the Australian experience, overseas. Findings showed corrections institutions in Australia were moving toward competency-based standards in curriculum, program pathway, and credit transfer opportunities and registration of providers to maximize the VET opportunities for prisoners. Variables affecting prisoner participation in programs were personal goals, to keep busy and cope better, and to improve employment prospects. Several American and Canadian studies found VET led to reduced recidivism; others indicated literacy and numeracy education lowered recidivism. Some small studies in Australia showed VET improved access to employment and lower recidivism, but few studies identified how VET assisted since many variables affect their participation. Recommendations for VET program development more intensive and extensive program evaluation, post-release prisoner followup to identify VET program impact, a more holistic approach toward prisoner education, further development of flexible learning materials, and a national journal of good practice or a website. (Appendixes contain 55 references; list of 102 reviewed articles by category; an article on VET developments in 4 states and the Northern Territory; and some informing principles for VET program development.) (YLB)
Descriptors: Adult Education, Correctional Education, Correctional Institutions, Educational Research, Foreign Countries, Job Training, Participation, Prisoners, Program Effectiveness, Recidivism, Vocational Education
National Centre for Vocational Education Research, 252 Kensington Road, Leabrook, South Australia 5068, Australia; email: firstname.lastname@example.org; Web site:
Publication Type: Information Analyses
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: National Centre for Vocational Education Research, Leabrook (Australia).
Identifiers - Location: Australia