ERIC Number: ED435835
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1999
Reference Count: N/A
School-to-Work. Myths and Realities No. 4.
When the School-to-Work Opportunities Act (STWOA) was initiated in 1994, it was envisioned as a systematic effort to prepare young people for high-skill, high-wage careers and provide them with the academic instruction and foundation skills needed to pursue postsecondary education and lifelong learning. STWOA called for development of three main components in a school-to-work (STW) system: school-based learning, work-based learning, and connecting activities. Because of STW's emphasis on careers, many have erroneously assumed that STW is just about "getting jobs for kids" and have criticized STW because it fosters business involvement in education. However, national evaluation of STW has shown that college-bound and non-college-bound are about equally involved in the experiences promoted by STWOA. Evidence also shows that STW programs linked closely with business have positive results. Although supporters of the STW approach view it as a way to reorganize education, this idea has not had wide appeal. At the micro level, STW has served young people as an avenue to an education that is connected to a career. At the macro level, however, STWOA-funded efforts have served as the basis for some school restructuring efforts but have failed to make broad inroads into the educational and reform movement. (Contains 13 references.) (MN)
Descriptors: College Bound Students, Education Work Relationship, Educational Change, Educational Legislation, Educational Objectives, Educational Policy, Educational Trends, Federal Legislation, Futures (of Society), Noncollege Bound Students, Outcomes of Education, Postsecondary Education, Relevance (Education), School Business Relationship, Secondary Education, Vocational Education
Publication Type: ERIC Publications
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Office of Educational Research and Improvement (ED), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: ERIC Clearinghouse on Adult, Career, and Vocational Education, Columbus, OH.
Identifiers - Laws, Policies, & Programs: School to Work Opportunities Act 1994