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ERIC Number: ED435819
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1999
Pages: 10
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
Do Female and Male On-Line Students Meet Their Needs Differently? Introducing New Data.
Gougeon, Thomas D.
Deborah Tannen's framework for interpersonal communication between males and females (published in 1990) was used to explore how male and female distance education students meet their primary needs through communication. The study population consisted of the 19 female and 6 male students enrolled in a 13-week computer conferencing course at the University of Calgary. An analysis of students' patterns of communication in the course's Weekly Topics sessions revealed that the men initially used four strategies to meet their primary status needs: reporting, differentiating themselves from others, separating (establishing their independence from others), and vertical aligning. By week 13, however, the men were using only two strategies: reporting and separating. The females used seven main strategies at the beginning of the course: establishing a sense of connection, interpersonal closeness, symmetry, acceptance, and horizontal alignment; making suggestions; and sharing. By the end of the course, however, they were using two additional strategies: establishing a sense of interdependence and a sense of intimacy. The women adapted to the course environment well, whereas the men were not as able to meet their primary status needs at the end of the course as they had been at the beginning. (Tannen's Cross-Gender Communication Framework is appended.) (MN)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A