ERIC Number: ED435795
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1999-Apr
Reference Count: N/A
The Financing of Vocational Education and Training in the United Kingdom. Financing Portrait. Panorama.
Since vocational education and training (VET) have a very special focus on workforce development and economic growth, economic trends and political context are important. One cause of the perceived problem of insufficient growth in the national economy is VET provision quality and/or quantity. Relationship among governmental and government-related bodies and interaction with enterprises and private training providers creates overlap for the institutional and funding structure for the three types of VET: initial (IVT), continuing (CVT), and training for the unemployed (TfU). Sources and totals of VET funding have been fairly stable. The following three themes emerge regarding distribution mechanisms: separation of funders and providers; reliance on markets or quasi-market mechanisms in the funding allocation systems; and output-related funding. Funding changes, particularly those involving competition between IVT providers, have increased cost efficiency. Funding systems that empower the IVT customer have not had notable success. CVT continues to dominate VET expenditure; private or enterprise funding predominates. TfU is in a state of flux as New Deal initiatives take over. New Deal involves local partnerships challenging the primacy of the employer-led Training and Enterprise Councils in the role of training. The continual changes in VET, with new programs, organizational arrangements, and funding systems, demonstrate a vibrant, if somewhat uncoordinated, sector. (Appendixes contain 35 references and a glossary. Contains 25 tables and 5 figures.) (YLB)
Descriptors: Continuing Education, Cost Effectiveness, Educational Change, Educational Finance, Federal Aid, Federal Government, Foreign Countries, Government School Relationship, Job Training, Partnerships in Education, Postsecondary Education, Secondary Education, Unemployment, Vocational Education
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Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: European Centre for the Development of Vocational Training, Thessaloniki (Greece).
Identifiers - Location: United Kingdom