ERIC Number: ED435668
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1999-Jun
Reference Count: N/A
Benchmarking: A Study of School and School District Effect and Efficiency.
Swanson, Austin D.; Engert, Frank
The "New York State School Report Card" provides a vehicle for benchmarking with respect to student achievement. In this study, additional tools were developed for making external comparisons with respect to achievement, and tools were added for assessing fiscal policy and efficiency. Data from school years 1993-94 through 1995-96 were used for 101 school districts and their schools in the western part of New York state. Two types of outcome measures were developed: average student achievement, measured by four factor scores at the district level and six average scores at the school level, and average school and district effect, estimated through a multiple regression procedure that removes the covariation of family and environmental characteristics from the student achievement scores. School district efficiency was measured through a linear programming technique known as data envelopment analysis. Standard scores were developed and used to prepare benchmarking charts for analyzing student performance on 15 performance measures at the school level. As with most studies of relationships between student outcomes and expenditures, there was no statistically significant correlation between school district effect and expenditure. Adding school district effect and school district efficiency to the outcome usually considered in school comparisons, academic achievement, highlights the differences in challenges that school districts face, and shows that many districts, not normally recognized for their effectiveness, are making important contributions to the intellectual development of their students. Three appendixes contain score charts. (Contains 7 tables, 41 figures, and 68 references.) (SLD)
Descriptors: Academic Achievement, Benchmarking, Comparative Analysis, Effective Schools Research, Efficiency, Elementary Secondary Education, Measurement Techniques, Outcomes of Education, School Districts, School Effectiveness
Graduate School of Education Publications, 566 Baldy Hall, Graduate School of Education, State University of New York at Buffalo, Buffalo, NY 14260 ($20; postage outside United States, $5 additional).
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: State Univ. of New York, Buffalo. Graduate School of Education.; State Univ. of New York, Buffalo. Inst. for Local Governance and Regional Growth.
Identifiers - Location: New York