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ERIC Number: ED435489
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1999-Apr
Pages: 11
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
Indonesian Mothers and Their Young Children: Towards an Interdependent Society?
Zevalkink, Jolien
Considering the mother-child relationship as the first in which culturally-related interdependence or independence is learned, this study examined whether the interdependency hypothesis holds for the mother-child relationship in Indonesia. The study focused on the quality of the mother-child relationship, children's daily social interactions, and contextual characteristics of the children's immediate environment to determine if Indonesian children learn to act and respond in an interdependent way toward others. Participating were 80 Sudanese-Indonesian mother-child dyads from low and lower-middle socio-economic status families. The average age of the children was about 38 months. For purposes of cross-cultural comparison, Indonesian data were available for 76 mother-child dyads, 41 infants and toddlers and 35 three to six year olds. Slightly more than half of the dyads lived in nuclear families, while the others lived in extended families. Data were collected through participant observation, ethnographic interviews, videotaped structured play sessions, and the Home Observation for Measurement of the Environment. Cross-cultural comparison of findings showed that the quality of maternal support was comparable to Dutch and Surinam-Dutch mothers' support but not comparable to the support provided by Japanese mothers. Indonesian mothers behaved more respectfully than emotionally supportive toward their children's autonomy, particularly for 3 to 6 year-olds. The 3 to 6 year-olds had more opportunities for independent experiences than younger children. Daily social routines were not related to the quality of mothers' interactive behavior. Mothers with higher educational levels spent more time with their children than did mothers with less education. (Contains 17 references.) (KB)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Indonesia