ERIC Number: ED435484
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1999-Aug
Reference Count: N/A
Welfare Research Perspectives: Past, Present, and Future. A View from the Research Forum on Children, Families, and the New Federalism.
Blum, Barbara B.; Berrey, Ellen C.
Research findings are providing increasingly valuable information about the effects of welfare changes on families receiving public assistance. This working paper outlines past and current research activities related to the Personal Responsibility and Work Opportunity Reconciliation Act of 1996 (PRWORA), describes research reports scheduled for future publication, and identifies questions and issues to be addressed. Following an executive summary delineating research findings most pertinent to PRWORA's objectives and identifying new research expected to yield significant findings, the paper presents information on the Forum's research clearinghouse and lists the projects described in its database. The paper gives examples of insights from research into implementation and early impact of welfare reform and identifies subgroups that are emerging within the Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF) population. The paper describes federally-sponsored projects on specific groups, including children and rural families. In addition, the paper identifies research needs, including increased focus on effective interventions for TANF participants who do not enter employment, who are affected by sanctions, and who are long-term "stayers." Finally, the paper identifies emerging research issues, including promoting well-designed, rigorous research; enhancing current research activities; examining specific populations; and testing special interventions. The paper concludes by noting that documented progress in research deserves recognition and that findings should be applied to public policy and practice activities. A list of welfare-related research organizations is appended. Contains approximately 300 references. (KB)
Publication Type: Reports - Descriptive
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Annie E. Casey Foundation, Baltimore, MD.; Russell Sage Foundation, New York, NY.; George Gund Foundation, Cleveland, OH.; Edna McConnell Clark Foundation, New York, NY.; Chase Manhattan Foundations, New York, NY.
Authoring Institution: Columbia Univ., New York, NY. National Center for Children in Poverty.
Identifiers - Laws, Policies, & Programs: Personal Responsibility and Work Opportunities Reconciliation Act