ERIC Number: ED435285
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1998-Mar
Reference Count: N/A
Is Maryland's System of Higher Education Suffering Because of Prison Expenditures? In Brief.
This study compares the changes in funding of universities and prisons in Maryland during the 1990s. Data from the Department of Public Safety, Division of Corrections, and the Maryland Higher Education Commission were analyzed for trends in correctional and college populations. The study notes that funding for Maryland's prisons increased by 50 percent while funding for the state's universities declined by 5 percent during the same period; this trend was not dictated by demand: 52 percent of the increase in the inmate population was accounted for by nonviolent offenders, and the state crime rate dropped 6.8 percent between 1993 and 1996. Policy decisions have also resulted in a disparate racial impact, with more African Americans added to the state's prisons than to public colleges; tuition and fees have risen over 100 percent over this period. The report urges the state to enact a Community Corrections Act to counter the present bloated state prison system and the lack of local treatment and punishment options. It suggests that many current inmates can be paroled or put into alternative programs, with the saved money used to fully fund the Educational Excellence Award program, the state's scholarship program for low and moderate income students. (DB)
Publication Type: Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Holyoke Community Coll., MA.
Authoring Institution: Center on Juvenile and Criminal Justice, Washington, DC. Justice Policy Institute.
Identifiers - Location: Maryland