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ERIC Number: ED435125
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1999-Apr
Pages: 16
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
The School as Organization: Challenges to Traditional Paradigms.
Mentz, Kobus; Oosthuizen, Izak
This paper discusses the debate on paradigms in educational administration and how this debate cannot be separated from the debate on the nature of the school. It asks questions about the extent to which recent challenges to traditional paradigms succeeded in changing the debate on the school as an organization. It supports arguments that the most serious challenge to any traditional science of education is to produce useful generalizations that explain particular social and organizational phenomena. It also claims that theorists in the field of educational administration always possess an underlying philosophy of the school as an organization. The essay offers an overview of various conceptions of the school community as gemeinschaft (community) and gesellschaft (society), emphasizing the theories of T.B. Greenfield, D.J. Willower, and C.W. Evers and G. Lakomski. The text focuses on the theory-ladeness of observations and societal and cultural influences on schooling. Overviews of organizational studies and the legal and ethical dimensions of the debate are also presented. The paper concludes that schools may be seen as an organizational and societal relationship because they rely on norms, purposes, values, professional socialization, collegiality, and natural independence and because the process of achieving the objectives of education guides schools' regulative activities. (Contains 16 references.) (RJM)
Publication Type: Information Analyses; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A