ERIC Number: ED435057
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1999-Jul
Reference Count: N/A
Report to Congress on Juvenile Violence Research. OJJDP Report.
Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquent Prevention (Dept. of Justice), Washington, DC.
This report presents the collective results of studies funded under the Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention congressional directive. The studies confirm that young African-American males are disproportionately involved as offenders and victims of violence, that firearms play a large role in juvenile violence, and that gang members are frequently involved in violence. The studies also show that although many juvenile offenders live in impoverished and high-crime areas, the majority of youth who live in such environments are not involved in serious delinquency. Recommendations emphasize four major areas of intervention: gangs, guns, high-risk juveniles, and locations and times of highest risk for juvenile violence. Examples of programs that address each area are provided. It is argued that the findings from these studies provide additional evidence that violence is taking an alarming toll on minority communities, particularly urban African-American and Hispanic communities. Consequently, there is a need for concentrated prevention efforts in those inner-city neighborhoods that experience the highest level of juvenile violence. Chapters include "Characteristics and Patterns of At-Risk Juveniles and Factors that Contribute to Violence Committed by or against Juveniles,""Accessibility of Firearms and the Use of Firearms by or against Juveniles,""Conditions Associated with an Increase in Violence Committed by or against Juveniles,""Recommendations for Prevention and Control of Juvenile Violence." (Contains 43 references.) (GCP)
Descriptors: At Risk Persons, Behavior Problems, Black Youth, Delinquency, Economically Disadvantaged, Family Environment, Guns, High Risk Students, Hispanic Americans, Inner City, Juvenile Gangs, Juvenile Justice, Males, Minority Groups, Poverty, Prevention, School Safety, School Security, Secondary Education, Urban Youth, Victims of Crime, Violence
Juvenile Justice Clearinghouse/NCJRS, P.O. Box 6000, Rockville, MD 20849-6000. Tel: 800-638-8736 (Toll Free); Fax: 301-519-5212; Web site:
; e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
Publication Type: Legal/Legislative/Regulatory Materials
Education Level: N/A
Audience: Counselors; Policymakers; Practitioners; Researchers
Authoring Institution: Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquent Prevention (Dept. of Justice), Washington, DC.