ERIC Number: ED434969
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1998-Aug
Youth Gangs: An Overview. Juvenile Justice Bulletin. Youth Gang Series.
Howell, James C.
Juvenile Justice Bulletin, Aug 1998
This bulletin provides an overview of the problems that youth gangs pose. It pinpoints the differences between youth gangs and adult criminal organizations and examines the risk factors that lead to youth gang membership. Some promising strategies being used to curb youth gang involvement are reviewed. The proliferation of youth gangs since 1980 has fueled the public's fears and magnified possible misconceptions about juvenile gangs. The composition of youth gangs is changing as smaller, less structured gangs are emerging, and drug gangs are becoming more prominent. Gang violence has increased, and most of it seems to be associated with conflicts with other gangs, rather than gang-related drug sales. A key issue in combating youth gangs is providing a uniform definition for them. Youth gangs and adult criminal organizations have different origins and they serve different purposes. Efforts to develop long-term interventions must take these differences into account. (Contains 187 references.) (SLD)
Publication Type: Collected Works - Serials; Information Analyses
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Department of Justice, Washington, DC. Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention.
Note: Initial report in the "Youth Gang Series."