ERIC Number: ED434968
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1998-Nov
Reference Count: N/A
"Designing Out" Gang Homicides and Street Assaults. National Institute of Justice Research in Brief.
This brief discusses the use of traffic barriers to block automobile access to streets as a way to reduce gang violence. The tactic was used in a crime-plagued area of Los Angeles, California, that had experienced a high level of drive-by shootings, gang homicides, and street assaults. The program, Operation Cul de Sac (OCDS), was evaluated as a crime reduction tactic. In its 2 years of operation, OCDS did appear to reduce crime. The number of homicides and street assaults fell significantly during the program's operation and rose after the program ended. The street closure did not appear to affect property crime, only violence. Crime was not displaced to other areas. The success of the initiative suggests that traffic barriers can be part of an approach to maximize the defensible space of neighborhood residents by increasing their span of control. (SLD)
Publication Type: Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Department of Justice, Washington, DC. National Inst. of Justice.
Identifiers - Location: California (Los Angeles)