ERIC Number: ED434963
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1999
Reference Count: N/A
Disciplinary Alternative Education Programs in Texas--What Is Known; What Is Needed. A Policy Brief.
Cortez, Albert; Robledo Montecel, Maria
In 1995, the Texas legislature established a policy that each school district must have an "alternative educational setting for behavioral management." This policy brief examines the ways in which this idea has been implemented in Texas, using data from the Texas Education Agency. Findings show that, for the most part, these alternative educational programs are being used as dumping grounds for "undesirable" students who, once there, get little support. Minority students are overrepresented in removals to these programs, and there has been an increase in reports from schools that have classified students' race and ethnicity as "unknown." Anecdotal reports of some exceptional programs exist, but there are no conclusive studies on the effectiveness of such programs for students forced to participate. Recommendations from the Intercultural Research Development Association are that the decision to refer a student to such a program be made in conjunction with the student's parents, with all options clearly explained. Better information should be gathered about the effectiveness of existing programs, and the alternative programs should be held to the same standards as other Texas schools. In addition, school districts should not be allowed to operate programs that combine students from elementary, middle, and high school levels. (Contains 20 references.) (SLD)
Descriptors: Behavior Problems, Discipline, Elementary Secondary Education, Ethnicity, Minority Groups, Nontraditional Education, Program Effectiveness, Program Evaluation, Racial Differences
Intercultural Development Research Association Institute for Policy and Leadership, 5835 Callaghan Road, Suite 350, San Antonio, TX 78228-1190 ($7). Tel: 210-684-8180; Fax: 210-684-5389; e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org; Web site:
Publication Type: Reports - Descriptive
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Intercultural Development Research Association, San Antonio, TX.
Identifiers - Location: Texas