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ERIC Number: ED434910
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1998-Dec
Pages: 14
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: N/A
The Association between Computer Laboratory Environment and Student Outcomes.
Newby, Michael; Fisher, Darrell
This study focuses on the computer laboratory class as a learning environment in university courses. In it, two previously developed instruments, the Computer Laboratory Environment Inventory (CLEI) (based on an instrument designed by B. Fraser, G. Giddings, and C. McRobbie, 1993) and the Attitude towards Computing and Computing Courses Questionnaire (ACCC) (M. Newby and D. Fisher, 1997), were used. The CLEI has five scales for measuring students' perceptions of aspects of their laboratory environment. These are Student Cohesiveness, Open-Endedness, Integration, Technology Adequacy, and Laboratory Availability. The ACCC has four scales: Anxiety, Enjoyment, Usefulness of Computers, and Usefulness of the Course. These instruments were administered to 208 students taking computer courses (programming or applications). With the exception of Laboratory Availability, all the environment variables were found to correlate significantly with all attitudinal variables. The only environment variable with significant association with achievement was Student Cohesiveness. However, the results show that there are significant associations between the attitudinal variables, Anxiety, Enjoyment, and Usefulness of the Course and achievement. Regression analysis supports the findings that the environment variables make a significant contribution to the attitudinal variables, and these in turn make a significant contribution to achievement. Structural equation modeling supports the hypothesis that the computer laboratory environment affects achievement indirectly by directly affecting students' attitudes. (Contains 10 tables, 2 figures, and 27 references.) (Author/SLD)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Australia