ERIC Number: ED434819
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1998-Apr
Reference Count: N/A
Reflection as a Vehicle toward Local and Global Understanding.
Tabak, Iris; Sandoval, William A.; Smith, Brian K.; Steinmuller, Franci; Reiser, Brian J.
This paper presents a set of reflective strategies for inquiry to help students in the process of learning science by conducting their own investigations. Reflective strategies are actions students can take to evaluate their progress and understanding as they conduct their investigations in order to be more systematic and effective. We also present a set of instructional supports intended to foster these strategies. These supports are embedded both in the design of learning environments and in teacher practices. We present a case example of students conducting an investigation as part of a unit on natural selection in a regular level introductory biology class at a Chicago public high school. These examples illustrate the use of these strategies by students. In particular, they demonstrate how in a collaborative context reflective strategies take the form of questions and suggestions posed between students. Analyses of strategy use and discussions reveal that more attention was focused on articulating a story about the specific episode that the students were investigating, and less attention was devoted to understanding how this episode is an instance of natural selection. Yet, extending students' understanding of natural selection is also an important learning goal. We conclude with a proposal for future designs to address this issue. (Author)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A