ERIC Number: ED434785
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1998-Nov
Reference Count: N/A
Expanding Job Opportunities for Alaska Natives. (Interim Report).
McDiarmid, G. Williamson; Goldsmith, Scott; Killorin, Mary; Sharp, Suzanne; Hild, Carl
A majority of adults in most Alaska Native villages were without jobs in 1990, and the situation was probably not substantially better in 1998. This report summarizes current Alaska Native employment data and employment trends, provides information on public and private programs that target Native hire, and describes promising approaches for increasing Native employment. Part 1 examines the current context of Native employment, including demographic data and projections related to the size and location of the Native labor force; availability of jobs in various sectors and industries; characteristics of Native employment and unemployment; data on nonresident employment; and creation of jobs through the economic multiplier. This section includes 31 data tables and 15 figures. Part 2 discusses the potential effects of welfare reform on Native communities, summarizing changes to welfare and community concerns. Parts 3-5 examine methods used by private businesses, Native regional corporations, and governments to recruit, train, and hire more Natives for existing jobs; the potential of private and government programs to create more jobs for Natives; and barriers to increased employment and strategies for overcoming them. Part 6 describes organizations specifically intended to help improve Alaska Native hire. The conclusion offers nine approaches that seem most promising for increasing Native hire and suggests that rural Alaska Natives may have some advantages in data processing, firefighting and hazardous material crews, and ecotourism. Appendices summarize relevant regulations and list people and organizations contacted. (SV)
Descriptors: Affirmative Action, Alaska Natives, Economic Development, Educational Needs, Employment Opportunities, Employment Patterns, Employment Potential, Employment Practices, Employment Projections, Federal Programs, Job Development, Job Training, Labor Force, Labor Market, Public Policy, Rural Areas, Rural Population, State Programs, Unemployment, Welfare Reform
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Alaska Federation of Natives, Anchorage.
Authoring Institution: Alaska Univ., Anchorage. Inst. of Social and Economic Research.
Identifiers - Location: Alaska