ERIC Number: ED434773
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1999-Apr
Middle School Students' Information-Seeking Skills and Metacognitive Awareness.
Symons, Sonya; Reynolds, P. Lee
Little is known of children's knowledge of text search processes and the role of metacognition. This study examined middle school students' knowledge of text search strategies and the correlation between metacognitive awareness and search efficiency. Sixty-nine students in sixth, seventh, and eighth grade were observed as they searched in an informational book for answers to six questions. For five questions, students could use a relatively simple locate strategy because the questions contained terms that were indexed in the book. The sixth question required students to generate a term that might be located in either the index or table of contents. Students also completed a survey assessing their awareness of the relative utility of text features for locating information. The survey asked students to list text features that they would use to locate an answer to a specific question and to rate the utility of 15 standard textbook features. Students also completed the Metacognitive Awareness Inventory, a questionnaire designed to measure regulation and knowledge of cognition. The findings indicated that students were successful and fast at locating answers to the five questions containing indexed terms, but much less successful with a question that did not lead to an entry in the index. The strategies used to locate the information were rated on a scale comparing the students' search to that of an ideal strategy; students were more strategic with indexed questions than with the non-indexed question. The two scales of the Metacognitive Awareness Inventory were correlated with search performance and strategy ratings and were predictive of search efficiency and strategy. (KB)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Poster presented at the Biennial Meeting of the Society for Research in Child Development (Albuquerque, NM, April 15-18, 1999).