ERIC Number: ED434756
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1999-Jun
Reference Count: N/A
How Should We Care for Babies and Toddlers? An Analysis of Practice in Out-of-Home Care for Children under Three. Occasional Paper No. 10.
The apparently simple question of whether there are commonly accepted "best practices" for infant and toddler care leads to further questions regarding the nature of childhood and the impact of cultural values. This report reviews recent theory, training, and practice in the care of children outside their homes. Section 1 of the report argues that much of current knowledge about infancy is derived from the normative context established in Anglo-North American child development studies. This section considers these predominant assumptions and their implications for practice. The legacy of attachment theory is analyzed, especially the assumption that out-of-home care is less desirable than care by mothers. This section further argues that the child-centered approach and desirability of structured play reinforces individualism. Section 2 of the report explores European traditions of theory and practice. This section describes five parameters of practice, focusing on ideas about: (1) the nature of relationships between adults and very young children; (2) children as learners; (3) health and well-being; (4) training employment for those who work with young children; and (5) ecology and the environment. The report also illustrates the program content in European settings, the importance of language diversity, the concern with the environment and its impact on programming, and the emphasis on developing values of non-aggression and cooperation by promoting interactions between children. (KB)
Descriptors: Attachment Behavior, Caregiver Child Relationship, Cultural Differences, Cultural Influences, Day Care, Developmentally Appropriate Practices, Educational Practices, Foreign Countries, Infant Care, Infants, Preschool Education, Public Policy, Toddlers, Values
Childcare Resource and Research Unit, Centre for Urban and Community Studies, University of Toronto, 455 Spadina Avenue, Room 305, Toronto ON M5S 2G8 CANADA. Web site:
Publication Type: Reports - Descriptive
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Toronto Univ. (Ontario). Centre for Urban and Community Studies.
Identifiers - Location: North America; United States