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ERIC Number: ED434755
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1999-Sep
Pages: 24
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
Bullying in Japanese Schools.
Kobayashi, Futoshi
Noting that although many Western educators praise the Japanese educational system because of its students' academic achievements, schools in Japan have developed severe and prevalent problems with student bullying. This paper examines the problem of bullying in Japanese schools. Part 1 of the paper reviews bullying incidents in Japanese schools from the mid-1980s to the present time. Part 2 delineates three types of bullying that are common in Japan: (1) psychological; (2) physical; and (3) violent. Part 3 outlines features differentiating contemporary bullying and bullying in previous eras, including current "invisible" methods of bullying, bullying by a majority of the class, the disappearance of "brakes" on bullying incidents, and contemporary difficulties in distinguishing teasing and joking from bullying. Part 4 examines four main explanations for bullying in Japanese schools, explanations from the perspective of society, school, family, and children. Part 5 discusses the measures taken by the Ministry of Education regarding bullying and argues that such measures have been ineffective and have resulted in bullying becoming more insidious and invisible to adults in the victim's life. Part 6 presents recommendations for resolving bullying problems in Japanese schools, includes an example of a successful intervention in a Tokyo junior high school, and describes Norwegian anti-bullying programs. The paper concludes by noting that bullying is an urgent problem and that the school system needs to identify concrete and unique school-wide anti-bullying intervention programs specific to Japanese schools. Contains 26 references. (KB)
Publication Type: Information Analyses
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Japan