ERIC Number: ED434753
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1999-May
Self-Esteem in the Classroom.
Identifying low self-esteem as the underlying factor contributing to poor school attitudes, negative self feelings, difficulty making friends, and difficulty in working independently and completing assignments, this action research project evaluated the effectiveness of an intervention incorporating cooperative learning and teaching to the multiple intelligences in a third grade class. The targeted population consisted of 22 third graders attending a midwestern elementary school in which almost half of the population comes from low income families. The problem of low self-esteem was documented through teacher anecdotal records, a teacher questionnaire, a student survey, and a parent survey. A survey of the literature revealed potential solutions to self-esteem problems, including experiencing self-accomplishment through real effort, feeling valued at home and school, and learning interpersonal and intrapersonal skills. The 4-month intervention was comprised of a program incorporating weekly cooperative learning activities and teaching to the multiple intelligences. Weekly student journal entries were also included to encourage student reflection. Assessment methods of program effectiveness included a modified student survey, teacher anecdotal records, and student journal entries. Post-intervention data revealed an increase in students' self-esteem, an improvement in attitudes about school, more positive feelings about self, development of friendship skills, and an improvement in independent work completion. (Four appendices include the parent questionnaire, student survey, and teacher survey. Contains 16 references.) (Author/KB)
Descriptors: Action Research, Change Strategies, Cooperative Learning, Elementary School Students, Interpersonal Competence, Low Income Groups, Motivation, Multiple Intelligences, Pretests Posttests, Primary Education, Program Effectiveness, Program Evaluation, Questionnaires, Self Esteem, Student Attitudes, Student Improvement, Student Journals, Surveys
Publication Type: Dissertations/Theses; Tests/Questionnaires
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Master's Action Research Project, Saint Xavier University and IRI/Skylight.