ERIC Number: ED434574
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1999
Reference Count: N/A
Closing the Education Gap: Benefits and Costs.
Vernez, Georges; Krop, Richard A.; Rydell, C. Peter
This study explored the implications of demographic trends on the quality of the future labor force and on public social expenditures. It also focused on the educational costs and social benefits of educational and immigration policy alternatives designed to close the gap in educational attainment between non-Hispanic whites and Hispanics and blacks. The RAND Education Simulation Model examines U.S. population flows through the primary, secondary, and postsecondary education systems, dividing the nation into two regions California and the rest of the nation with California chosen for the study because it has the largest immigrant and minority populations. The model estimates that in spite of the rapid growth in the percentage of minorities in the nation's population, the educational attainment of the adult population (age 25 and over) will be higher in 2015 than it was in 1990. However, unless further gains are made in the educational attainment of minorities, their share of college-educated entrants into the labor force will decrease. In addition, the educational gap between Asians and non-Hispanic whites vis-a-vis blacks and Hispanics will increase, especially in California. The results suggest that closing this educational gap would pay for itself, particularly in California. Nine appendixes provide detailed statistical tables. (Contains 55 references, 26 figures, and 47 tables.) (MDM)
Descriptors: Asian Americans, Blacks, Cost Effectiveness, Demography, Educational Attainment, Educational Policy, Educational Trends, Elementary Secondary Education, Expenditures, Higher Education, Hispanic Americans, Labor Force, Models, Postsecondary Education, Public Policy, Racial Differences, Social Problems, Tables (Data), Whites
RAND, 1700 Main Street, P.O. Box 2138, Santa Monica, CA 90407-2138. Tel: 310-451-7002.
Publication Type: Books; Numerical/Quantitative Data; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Andrew W. Mellon Foundation, New York, NY.; William and Flora Hewlett Foundation, Palo Alto, CA.
Authoring Institution: Rand Corp., Santa Monica, CA. Center for Research on Immigration Policy.
Identifiers - Location: California