ERIC Number: ED434520
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1998
The Japanese Flap in EFL: Variability and Accent.
Riney, Timothy J.; Takada, Mari
ICU Language Research Bulletin, v13 p87-102 1998
A study investigated the substitution of the Japanese flap for English liquids /r/ and /l/ by 11 Japanese students in their first and fourth years of college. Phonological patterns were examined at the two different stages, in reading vs. spontaneous oral language tasks, and for word-initial singleton vs. word-initial cluster environments. The number of obligatory instances of /r/ and /l/ for each speaker for three reading tasks at the two stages combined ranged from 140 to 159 depending on the speaker. Individuals' Japanese flap substitutions varied from 0-86 percent. Most had fewer flap substitutions in the fourth year, and more flaps in spontaneous than in reading tasks. All substituted flaps more often for /l/ than for /r/. Flaps were substituted more frequently for singleton liquids than for liquids in clusters. A negative correlation was found between global foreign accent and percentage of Japanese flap substitutions. Contains 15 references. (MSE)
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: ICJ = International Christian University (Tokyo, Japan).