ERIC Number: ED434289
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1999-Sep
Reference Count: N/A
Differences among African American Jr. High School Students: The Effects of Skin Tone on Ethnic Identity, Self-Esteem and Cross-Cultural Behavior.
Breland, Alfiee M.; Coleman, Hardin L. K.; Steward, Robbie J.
This paper presents the results of a study conducted to assess differences among African American adolescents based on skin tone. It was hypothesized that the students would demonstrate differences in self-esteem, ethnic identity, and cross-cultural coping strategies based on their skin tones. One hundred thirteen African American adolescents completed research packets. Results of ANOVA (analysis of variance) do not indicate any differences among the students in self-esteem, ethnic identity, or cross-cultural interaction behaviors; however, there are significant correlations between self-esteem and ethnic identity as well as between self-esteem and cross-cultural interaction behaviors. Results suggest that school and community counselors and psychologists who work with African American adolescents should note the relationship between self-esteem and ethnic identity. Counselors and psychologists working in highly culturally diverse environments should help students learn to use multiple methods of cross-cultural interactions to increase their self-esteem. Limitations of the study are examined. Implications for counseling and education are discussed. (Contains 2 tables and 17 references.) (MKA)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A