ERIC Number: ED434271
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1999-May
Reference Count: N/A
Beyond Eighth Grade: Functional Mathematics for Life and Work.
Forman, Susan L.; Steen, Lynn Arthur
A 3-year high school program based on functional mathematics (FM) benefits all students, regardless of career goals, by providing a strong background for students entering the workforce and for those moving directly into postsecondary education. A high school curriculum that helps all students master FM would effectively address issues of both equity and competitiveness. All students would have equal opportunity to master the mathematics required for the new world of work. To achieve its goal of preparing students both for work and for further education, FM respects the many parts of the traditional curriculum that are broadly useful, while including topics such as spreadsheets, data analysis, and statistical quality control that are hardly ever part of high school mathematics. In FM, utility is center stage. The elements of FM can be embedded in many different curricula, but any mathematics curriculum designed on functional grounds emphasizes authentic applications from everyday life and work. It requires appropriate content, authentic contexts, engaging tasks, and active learning. FM provides a rich foundation of experience and examples on which students can build subsequent abstractions and generalizations. It addresses many needs that are otherwise often neglected, including the technical and problem-solving needs of the contemporary workforce or the modern demands of active citizenship. (Appendixes contain the elements of FM. Contains 51 references.) (YLB)
Descriptors: Active Learning, Curriculum Development, Equal Education, High Schools, Mathematical Applications, Mathematics Curriculum, Mathematics Instruction, Mathematics Skills, Vocational Education
NCRVE Materials Distribution Service, 46 Horrabin Hall, Western Illinois University, Macomb, IL 61455 (order no. MDS-1241, $3). Tel: 800-637-7652 (Toll Free).
Publication Type: Guides - Classroom - Teacher
Education Level: N/A
Audience: Practitioners; Teachers
Sponsor: Office of Vocational and Adult Education (ED), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: National Center for Research in Vocational Education, Berkeley, CA.