ERIC Number: ED434270
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1999-Oct
Reference Count: N/A
Context Matters: Teaching and Learning Skills for Work.
Giddens, Beth; Stasz, Cathy
Centerpoint, n8 Oct 1999
Changes in work and the workplace are transforming the kinds of knowledge, skills, and attitudes needed for successful work performance. Educators and school reformers are updating curricula and redesigning school programs to ensure that, in addition to academics, young people have opportunities to learn work-related skills and attitudes. A situative study of workplace skills that included case studies of students involved in building a transportation system and caring for patients at home demonstrated how worksite observation experiences enable students to learn needed job skills, "generic" skills, and work-related dispositions within the context of specific work cultures. The case studies demonstrated how skills become multi-dimensional when learned within the context of actual work and how contextualized learning promotes the ability to use information drawn from a range of academic disciplines to perform tasks and solve unique problems. Research has established the essential components for framing high school courses and/or programs around authentic tasks and apprenticeship methods and around teaching the following: complex reasoning skills, work-related attitudes, cooperative skills, job-specific knowledge, and academic knowledge. Contextualized learning requires that teachers do the following: become master practitioners among student apprentices; gain exposure to the world of work; and adapt their teaching to support authentic learning. (MN)
Descriptors: Academic Education, Apprenticeships, Case Studies, Classroom Techniques, Context Effect, Education Work Relationship, Educational Environment, Educational Trends, Employment Qualifications, Experiential Learning, Integrated Curriculum, Job Skills, Models, Needs Assessment, Problem Based Learning, Professional Development, Program Effectiveness, Secondary Education, Skill Development, Teacher Student Relationship, Teaching Methods, Transfer of Training, Trend Analysis, Vocational Education
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Publication Type: Collected Works - Serials; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Office of Vocational and Adult Education (ED), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: National Center for Research in Vocational Education, Berkeley, CA.