ERIC Number: ED434256
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1997
Reference Count: N/A
Entry-Level Training. Review of Research.
Existing research on vocational education and training (VET) for entry-level employment in Australia was reviewed. According to the review, research on entry-level VET has enhanced knowledge related to the following: competence requiring knowledge and understanding as well as performance; graded standards-based assessment; problems of policy implementation; and unforeseen consequences or practical limitations of existing policies. The following areas were identified as requiring strategic policy-relevant research: reasons for the decline in apparent retention to year 12 since 1993; reasons for the decline in provision of apprenticeship opportunities and in the educational profile of students enrolling in apprenticeship programs; relationship between employers' and trainees' participation in work-based training arrangements and incentives (including training wages and subsidies); learning processes associated with achieving competence; further work on graded standards-based assessment; and factors affecting transfer of knowledge and skill. The following types of data were deemed necessary in the interests of more soundly based policymaking: regularly collected (preferably annually) data on the employment, educational, and training activities of young people in the first 5 years out from compulsory schooling; data on private providers of entry-level training; and equity data on all groups of disadvantaged participants in entry-level training. (Contains 122 references.) (MN)
Descriptors: Apprenticeships, Competence, Education Work Relationship, Educational Environment, Educational Finance, Educational Opportunities, Educational Policy, Educational Research, Employment Qualifications, Entry Workers, Equal Education, Financial Support, Foreign Countries, Job Training, Literature Reviews, Needs Assessment, Postsecondary Education, Research Needs, School Business Relationship, Secondary Education, Strategic Planning, Systems Approach, Trend Analysis, Vocational Education
National Centre for Vocational Education Research, 252 Kensington Road, Leabrook, South Australia 5068, Australia. E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org; Web site:
Publication Type: Information Analyses
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: National Centre for Vocational Education Research, Leabrook (Australia).
Identifiers - Location: Australia