ERIC Number: ED434248
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1999
Reference Count: N/A
Vocational Certificates and College Degrees. ERIC Digest No. 212.
Brown, Bettina Lankard
Many studies have verified that education beyond high school results in higher earnings. The highest earnings benefits depend upon certification or degree achievement. Not obtaining a degree results in some penalty: individuals who have some college credit but no degree earn less than associate degree holders. Professional and vocational certificate holders exhibit a wide range of salary differences. Furthermore, certain professions such as accounting afford higher earnings to those who have met state licensing requirements. According to the Bureau of Labor Statistics, the slowing growth rate of college-level jobs will likely result in 65,000 fewer college-level jobs, resulting in 18 percent more new college graduate job seekers than openings for college-level jobs. Professional specialty occupations and service occupations requiring an associate's degree rather than a bachelor's degree are targeted as the fastest-growing occupations. Technical certification of skills is of increasing importance to employers, especially when they have been involved in setting the certification standards. To function in a continually changing and global marketplace, everyone must engage in lifelong learning and skill development. One increasing trend evident in community colleges is "reverse transfer," where graduates of four-year colleges return to postsecondary education to obtain more marketable skills. (Contains 19 references.) (MN)
Descriptors: Comparative Analysis, Degrees (Academic), Education Work Relationship, Educational Benefits, Educational Certificates, Educational Needs, Educational Status Comparison, Educational Trends, Employment Level, Employment Potential, Employment Projections, Higher Education, Lifelong Learning, Reverse Transfer Students, Salary Wage Differentials, Trend Analysis, Vocational Education
Publication Type: ERIC Publications; ERIC Digests in Full Text
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Office of Educational Research and Improvement (ED), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: ERIC Clearinghouse on Adult, Career, and Vocational Education, Columbus, OH.