ERIC Number: ED434223
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1999-Sep
Adult Learning. ARIS Information Sheet.
National Languages and Literacy Inst. of Australia, Melbourne. Adult Education Resource and Information Service.
This information sheet provides a summary of general observations regarding adult learners. Adults from different walks of life may seek out learning at different times in their lives, for different reasons, and for vastly different purposes. Adult learning groups may include students of different ages, cultures, and educational and socioeconomic backgrounds. Adult education is provided in diverse settings for diverse purposes: from community education classes to workplace training. Adults seek out learning situations for various reasons, including the following: to achieve a predetermined goal; to fill a gap in education; to explore options and make choices; and for personal development, family, social, or community reasons. Teachers/trainers in adult education programs must become familiar with some of the general theories related to adult learning processes and must recognize and accommodate the reciprocal relationships between teaching and learning. A range of theories of adult education and learning exist along with a corresponding range of teaching methodologies, such as the following: traditional (teacher as expert); self-actualization (facilitated problem solving); humanist (teacher stimulates and suggests); revolutionary (teachers and learners are equal participants); and organizational effectiveness (curriculum is determined by organizational needs). Most adults have a preferred learning style. Adults may be primarily active, reflective, theorizing, or experiential learners. Motivation is critical to adult learning. Also included are a number of reerences for readers requiring further information. (13 references) (MN)
Descriptors: Adult Education, Adult Learning, Adult Students, Andragogy, Cognitive Style, Educational Needs, Educational Opportunities, Educational Theories, Foreign Countries, Learning Processes, Lifelong Learning, Reentry Students, Student Characteristics, Student Educational Objectives, Student Motivation, Teacher Education Curriculum, Teaching Methods
ARIS, Language Australia, GPO Box 372F, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia 3001. Web site:
Publication Type: Reports - General
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Adult, Community, and Further Education Board, Melbourne (Australia).
Authoring Institution: National Languages and Literacy Inst. of Australia, Melbourne. Adult Education Resource and Information Service.
Identifiers - Location: Australia