ERIC Number: ED433761
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1999-Jun
Reference Count: N/A
New Directions in Student Retention Research: Looking beyond Interactional Theories of Student Departure. AIR 1999 Annual Forum Paper.
Ruddock, Maryann S.; Hanson, Gary; Moss, Marsha K.
This study compared characteristics of students who persisted in undergraduate study and those who dropped out when matched on high school performance and Scholastic Assessment Test scores. Subjects were 747 full-time students at a major research university who entered in fall 1996 but did not return for fall 1997 (leavers) and a matched sample of 746 students who did return for the fall 1997 semester (stayers). The groups were matched on the following characteristics (in order): high school rank, Scholastic Assessment Test total score, major, ethnicity, gender, on-campus versus off-campus housing, and whether or not they attended freshman orientation, all factors previously identified as influencing retention. Analysis of student questionnaire responses and student records did not find additional variables that would predict which students would stay and which would leave. The most striking finding was that 51.4 percent of the leavers but only 4.3 percent of stayers had a grade point average below 2.00 as of fall 1997. However, such factors as interactions with faculty and staff, finances, and goals did not differ significantly between stayers and leavers. (DB)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A