ERIC Number: ED433608
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1999-Jan
The Changing Landscape of Education Governance.
This paper provides a basic understanding of the changes taking place within education governance. The document opens with a description of the traditional education governance system, typified by a centralized, bureaucratic approach that has been the predominant mode of public education governance for most of the 20th century. The focus then shifts to a discussion of decentralized, consumer-driven approaches to education governance. Advantages and disadvantages to this approach are listed, along with information on school-based management, open enrollment, charter schools, tax credits, tax deductions, and vouchers in eight locations. This section is followed by an examination of state interventions in low-performing districts, with particular emphasis on the Chicago Public Schools' experiences and how the action of the district and state legislature affected finance, students, principals and teachers, and student performance. Finally, international trends in education governance are explored, with an emphasis on experiences in Edmonton, Alberta, and Birmingham, England. The report concludes that there is a trend throughout the world toward the devolution of authority in public education. These decentralizing structures include a variety of deregulation strategies, site-based management, open-enrollment initiatives, charter schools and tax credits, tax deductions, and vouchers. (Includes 57 references.) (RJM)
Descriptors: Educational Administration, Educational History, Educational Trends, Elementary Secondary Education, Governance, Government School Relationship, School Administration, School District Autonomy, School Policy, School Restructuring
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Publication Type: Reports - Descriptive
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Education Commission of the States, Denver, CO.
Note: For related documents, see EA 030 023 and EA 030 025-027.