ERIC Number: ED433496
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1999-May
Improving Reading Comprehension.
Spiegel, Gayle; Vickers, Lara; Viviano, Jean
This report describes a program for advancing reading comprehension skills. The targeted population consisted of second and fourth grade students in an affluent northern suburb of a large midwestern community. The problem of a lack of comprehension skills was documented through teacher observations, student and parent surveys, comprehension checklists, teacher journals, and reading inventories. Analysis of probable cause data indicated that many factors influence a child's level of reading comprehension. These can include poor questioning techniques by the teacher, a lack of student motivation, and a lack of self-monitoring during reading. Teachers need to directly teach comprehension strategies to their students. Instruction needs to go beyond decoding. A review of solution strategies by knowledgeable others, combined with an analysis of the problem setting, resulted in the development of several reading comprehension interventions. These include using literal, inferential, and critical questions, teaching students how to self-monitor their reading, increasing direct instruction of comprehension strategies, and implementing a balanced reading program. Post intervention data indicated an increase in students' use of various reading comprehension strategies. This lead to a greater overall level of understanding during reading for the targeted students. Contains 26 references, 1 figure and 14 tables of data. Appendixes contain a student survey and a parent questionnaire. (Author/SR)
Publication Type: Dissertations/Theses; Tests/Questionnaires
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Master's Action Research Project, Saint Xavier University and IRI/Skylight.