ERIC Number: ED433368
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1999-Mar
Reference Count: N/A
Computer-Based Collaborative Knowledge Mapping To Measure Team Processes and Team Outcomes.
O'Neil, Harold F., Jr.; Chung, Gregory K. W. K.; Herl, Howard E.
The feasibility and validity of using a computer-based networked collaborative knowledge mapping system to measure teamwork skills was examined. Student groups (10 groups of 3 ninth graders each) were assessed with the system twice in the academic year, once in the fall and once the following spring. The study focused on the nature of the interaction among team members as they jointly constructed a knowledge map. Each student was randomly assigned to a team and communicated (anonymously) with other members by sending predefined messages. Teamwork processes were measured by examining message usage. Each message was categorized as belonging to one of six team processes: (1) adaptability; (2) communication; (3) coordination; (4) decision making; (5) interpersonal; and (6) leadership. Team performance was measured by scoring each team's knowledge map using four expert maps as the criterion. No significant correlation was found between team processes and team outcomes. This unexpected finding may be due in part to a split-attention effect resulting from the design of the user interface. However, student teams were able to construct knowledge maps successfully, suggesting that the general approach to using networked computers to measure group processes remains viable. Two appendixes contain messages grouped by category and message content and the handout describing messages. (Contains 17 tables and 21 references.) (Author/SLD)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Advanced Research Projects Agency (DOD), Washington, DC.; Office of Educational Research and Improvement (ED), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: University of Southern California, Los Angeles.; Center for Research on Evaluation, Standards, and Student Testing, Los Angeles, CA.; California Univ., Los Angeles. Center for the Study of Evaluation.