ERIC Number: ED433164
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1999-Jul
Reference Count: N/A
Improving Job Opportunities for Low-Income People: The Hope of the Workforce Investment Act of 1998.
Beaulieu, Lionel J.
SRDC Information Brief: A Special Series on Welfare Reform in the South, n8 Jul 1999
The Workforce Investment Act of 1998 (WIA) makes it possible to build human capital resources by providing employment services and training to youth and adult dislocated workers. Such services are particularly needed in the rural South, where those affected by welfare reform have few job skills or educational credentials. WIA calls for the creation of state workforce investment boards appointed by the state governor. The governor and the workforce investment board then designate local workforce investment areas and create local workforce investment boards to develop a workforce preparation and employment system that meets the unique needs of their areas. Each local board must assemble a youth council charged with developing a comprehensive plan to address the education and workforce preparation needs of low-income youth. Local boards are also responsible for selecting One-Stop System operators and providers of youth activities. Youth targeted are 14-21 years old, low-income, and experiencing at least one challenge such as being a school dropout, pregnant, an offender, or disabled. The One-Stop Delivery system is available to adults and dislocated workers, and provides three levels of services: core, intensive, and training. Priority attention must be given to public assistance participants and low-income individuals. Possible roles for land grant universities, and their extension services in particular, are in labor market information and assessments, local workforce investment board training, support for One-Stop Centers, delivery of educational services for dislocated and at-risk populations, assisting the youth councils through the 4-H programs, youth leadership development, performance accountability, and economic development opportunities. (TD)
Descriptors: At Risk Persons, Delivery Systems, Disadvantaged Youth, Education Work Relationship, Employment Services, Extension Education, Federal Legislation, Job Training, Labor Force Development, Land Grant Universities, Low Income Groups, Rural Areas, Welfare Recipients, Welfare Reform, Youth Programs
Southern Rural Development Center, Box 9656, 410 Bost Extension Building, Mississippi State, MS 39762; Web site: http://www.ext.msstate.edu/srdc/
Publication Type: Collected Works - Serials; Reports - Descriptive
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Farm Foundation, Chicago, IL.
Authoring Institution: Southern Rural Development Center, Mississippi State, MS.
Identifiers - Laws, Policies, & Programs: Workforce Investment Act 1998