ERIC Number: ED433162
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1999-Jul
Reference Count: N/A
The Changing Nature of Work in the South: The Polarization of Tomorrow's Workforce. Rural Development Issues Impacting the South.
Barfield, Melissa A.; Beaulieu, Lionel J.
This report examines the changing industrial structure of work in the southern United States, with particular emphasis on industry and occupational projections for this region and the educational requirements for tomorrow's jobs. Also examined are expected annual earnings, projected unemployment rates, and part-time employment trends associated with emerging jobs in the South. A switch from industrial production to service employment has been occurring. The largest numbers of new jobs are among those occupations requiring no postsecondary degree, but a significant portion of the fastest growing jobs are demanding postsecondary training or degrees. This polarization will exacerbate the gap between the educated and undereducated. A section on the state of education in the rural South shows that while the number of Southerners graduating from high school and attending college is growing, the region as a whole still lags behind the rest of the nation in terms of educational attainment and academic performance. It is critical that policy makers devote balanced attention to education/training and the expansion of better paying job opportunities in the rural South. Educational improvement efforts must include the non-college bound, African Americans, and Hispanics. Factors associated with community economic growth that rely on improvements in education include high public education expenditures, greater high school completion rates, higher concentrations of employment in service industries and higher adult literacy rates. (Contains 42 references.) (TD)
Descriptors: Economic Development, Education Work Relationship, Emerging Occupations, Employment Potential, Employment Projections, Job Training, Labor Force Development, Labor Market, Postsecondary Education, Public Policy, Rural Areas, Rural Education, Rural Urban Differences, Service Occupations, Vocational Education
Southern Rural Development Center, Box 9656, 410 Bost Extension Building, Mississippi State, MS 39762; Web site: http://www.ext.msstate.edu/srdc/
Publication Type: Information Analyses; Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Economic Research Service (USDA), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: Southern Rural Development Center, Mississippi State, MS.